ALERT! Mining In Newe Segobia!

Alert! Alert! Alert!

We need to take a stand against U.S. and corporate destruction of indigenous
lands and spiritual areas NOW. Using laws which continue to stem from the
“doctrine of discovery” – where indigenous peoples were claimed to be
“savages”, “pagans”, and “childlike” in nature, the United States continues
to claim vast areas of native lands as “federal” or “public” lands – denying
Indigenous Nations, like the Western Shoshone, the right to make decisions
about the types of activities allowed in their traditional territories.
Since the days of Columbus, the companies and a pack of elites have been
profiting immensely from this fundamental discrimination against the
original peoples of this land we call the United States.

The United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination has
told the United States to stop any new mine permitting on Shoshone lands –
and the corporate entities – in particular Canadian-based Barrick and
U.S.-based Newmont Mining have been told to respect Western Shoshone rights
and stay away from mining in spiritual areas. Have they listened? No –
mining expansions on Shoshone lands are on the rise again affecting burial
areas, spiritual sites, cultural resources, water, wildlife and the natural
environment. When will the greed for gold end – and what is the cost of
this insatiable hunger to all of us? The latest expansion proposal by
Barrick Gold and Kennecott (Australian-based) – ironically named the
“Cortez” project targets an area which is the home of local Shoshone
creation stories and extreme spiritual and cultural significance, Mt.
Tenabo. Coincidentally, the mining industry has also discovered an immense
deposit of gold in the area.

We need to say no – Help us protect this area on Western Shoshone lands from
gold mining! The deadline for comments is coming quickly, please do one of
three things:

1. Sign the online e petition with Oxfam America (Please
the petition today!)
2. Send in your own letter by email, fax or mail- key talking points
3. Sign and send in a postcard – attached.

If you want to do more, forward this email to others to take action now AND
take the postcards or the information to meetings, events, etc. to
distribute to your friends, colleagues and others.

PLEASE TAKE ACTION TODAY – What do we have to give thanks for in this
“Holiday” season if we don’t stand alongside the first peoples of the land
in their struggle to protect traditional territories???

Questions – need more info? Contact the Western Shoshone Defense Project at – 775-744-2565.

Action Alert – Mt. Tenabo in Jeopardy
December 21st deadline for comments

Mt. Tenabo and the surrounding environs are again under attack from gold
mining. It is critical now for the Bureau of Land Management to hear the
strength of opposition for this mine; see talking points and how to send
your comments and concerns below.

The U.S. Bureau of Land Management has released a draft Environmental Impact
Statement, dEIS, which reviews the proposal by Cortez Gold Mines, a
subsidiary of Barrrick Gold Mining Co., to conduct new gold mining
operations at the south end of Crescent Valley in central Nevada. The
Project, although termed as an “expansion” of the existing Pipeline and
Cortez mines, is really a new gold mine complex. It would be located on the
slopes of Mt. Tenabo, a mountain sacred to the Western Shoshone Indians, who
have lived in the area since time immemorial. This mine would:

* Disturb (devastate) 6,792 acres of land, including a heap leach and
waste rock facilities covering much of the Horse Canyon pass just south of
Tenabo, and extending east into Grass Valley
* Blast the new Cortez Hills mine pit approximately 8,900 feet in
length, 6,400 feet in width, and a maximun depth of 2,200 feet
* The pit would be within a few hundred feet of the White Cliffs at
the base of Mt. Tenabo
* Expand an underground mine with a horizontal extent of 1,000 feet
wide by 5,000 feet long
* Pump groundwater from around the pit with an average dewatering rate
of approximately 1.8 billion gallons per year for ten years to keep it dry
for mining
* Create a drop in the water table of 1,600 feet surrounding the pit,
decreasing to 10 feet at 3-4 mile radius of the pit
* Potentially impact the 50 springs and seeps in the project area with
28 in the Horse Canyon area; however, according to the BLM draft analysis
none of the 28 springs are expected to be impacted
* A pit lake will result after mining is completed with an eventual
depth of about 1,000 feet, and according to the BLM draft analysis of
acceptable water quality
* Of the 11 non-Cortex Gold Mine water rights, only one is expected to
recover fully within 100 years after dewatering ceases

It is important to keep in mind that the results of the environmental
analysis presented by the BLM are only estimates. In many mines across
Nevada and elsewhere predicted and actual impacts have varied substantially.
Thus, being critical and skeptical of anticipated impacts is essential to a
good review of this project.

The permanent impact to the cultural and spiritual practices of the Western
Shoshone is undeniable. Mt. Tenabo has been, and continues to be, used by
Western Shoshone people as a central part of their religious practices and
world view. Western Shoshone visit the mountain and the valley below (the
location of the mine pit) for prayer ceremonies, gathering of sacred plants,
fasting, and vision quests, among other uses. The Mountain also contains
Western Shoshone gravesites. All of these values and uses will be destroyed
by the Project. In addition, the massive pumping of groundwater will
dewater sacred springs and streams on and around Mt. Tenabo.

From the draft EIS, “Although not quantifiable, the project area and the
region surrounding the project area have been home to local Indian groups
for centuries, and the resources in the area, the value placed on those
resources, and potential effects to those resources are intertwined with the
culture of local Indian tribes more so than any other population in close
proximity to the project area.”

There is no need for another gold mine in Nevada, especially one that will
destroy such invaluable resources. The BLM has never denied a big mining
project in Nevada. This is one BLM must deny.

In Summary:

* The BLM has ample authority to deny this Project, as it will cause
“undue degradation” of religious, cultural and environmental values.
* The Project will permanently and irreparably destroy current and
future religious practices and values of Western Shoshone people.
* The BLM should prevent any impacts to area springs, waterholes and
streams from dewatering.
* The Draft EIS fails to fully review impacts to these and other
critical resources and should be re-done.

How to take action

The BLM’s Draft Environmental Impact Statement is online at:

If you write a postcard or letter to BLM, mail it to:

U.S. Bureau of Land Management
Battle Mountain Field Office
Attn: Steve Drummond, Cortez Hills Project Manager
50 Bastian Road
Battle Mountain, NV 89820

If you send an email, it must be emailed before December 21st – email it

Sign the online petition with Oxfam America – (see below)

Background on Mt. Tenabo

Mt. Tenabo is located in central Nevada, approximately 20 miles south and a
little west of the town of Crescent Valley. It stands at the intersection
of three valleys, a familiar land mark along major Newe trails, one coming
up Grass Valley from the south and another coming from the west through
Carico Lake Valley and Reese River Valley.

It is an area is an enormously rich cultural and spiritual locus for the
Western Shoshone people since time immemorial. Mt Tenabo Is a significant
landmark on an important north south trail, Dinabo is a place of food and
medicine gathering, a place for refuge and spiritual guidance, a place whose
springs feed the wildlife that feed the people.

Mt. Tenabo is located in central Nevada, approximately 20 miles south and a
little west of the town of Crescent Valley. It stands at the intersection
of three valleys, a familiar land mark along major Newe trails, one coming
up Grass Valley from the south and another coming from the west through
Carico Lake Valley and Reese River Valley.

There is abundant archaeological evidence of Newe occupation since
“prehistoric” times, this evidence of Newe occupation extends through the
historic mining period from 1863 to the 1940’s, with several historic camps
documented containing both grinding stones and more modern “trash.” A map
of Nevada from the late 1860’s identifies the area of Cortez as Shoshone
wells, and the natural spring at this site was later developed by Chinese
workers, whose camp was adjacent to this area. Another Chinese camp is
buried beneath arsenic laden tailings near the Cortez ghost town.

Like all mountains it catches the clouds whose snow and rain feed the
groundwater table and various creeks and streams. The sole spring at
Shoshone wells is the only water source on the west side but several creeks
flow off of its east side into Pine Valley including Horse Canyon creek,
Willow Creek and Four Mile Canyon Creek (flowing off of Mt Tenabo’s unnamed
neighbor to the east). Medicine and food plants are found around the
mountain and include doza, Indian tobacco, water cress, and yomba. Plants
also provide for abundant wildlife including mule dear (over a dozen of
which came within a 1/4 mile of the Shoshone camp during the April 2003
Spring Gathering.) ya-ha, rabbits, bobcats, mountain lions, and many species
of hawks, eagles and birds. An active sage hen (hucha) dancing ground (lek)
is on the eastern flank of the mountain and I believe there is another in
Grass Valley towards Mt Tenabo’s southern end.

Pinion trees and juniper have long been sources of food, fuel and medicine
for the Newe. Pine trees close to the “Shoshone well” are known to local
Shoshone as a place where pitch was gathered to waterproof baskets and for
other uses. Gathering of these things by local Newe continues to the
present day. Hunting, trapping, and gathering of food and medicine occur
throughout the area of Mt Tenabo. Pine forests around the mountain were
almost entirely cut down in the 1870’s to make charcoal for the mine
smelters, but historic miners burrowed underground with shafts, leaving the
soil covering the ground intact. Over time mother earth healed the damage
and the pinion forest has grown back and matured. What will the trees grow
on if the new mine is created?

When Cortez proposed a new mine in the early 1990’s, the Danns and the
Western Shoshone Defense Project (WSDP) opposed this because of both the
unresolved land title issue and the fact that this mine would require
dewatering, threatening the most precious resource out there, the water. In
order to operate, the Pipeline mine must drop the water table over 800 ft at
the mine site, pumping anywhere from 20,000 to 30,000 gallons of water per
minute, 24 hours a day from wells over 1000 feet deep. This deep groundwater
meets drinking water quality standards, with slightly elevated levels of
fluoride as it is warm geothermal water. The mine then pumps it to a series
of shallow ponds and trenches laid out in an arc several miles from the mine
where it soaks this water back into the valley floor. Unfortunately the
soil in the valley floor is full of salts, leftover from the evaporation of
inland lakes and seas. When the clean water is filtered through the salty
soils it is contaminated and no longer meets drinking water standards when
it reaches the water table. The WSDP and its allies in Great Basin Mine
Watch predicted this would happen, but the State and the BLM have allowed it
to continue to this very day.

In addition to water contamination as a result of dewatering, we continue to
be concerned that pumping at the Pipeline mine is affecting groundwater in
the Cortez mountains. Computer modeling done by Cortez indicated that there
would be no waters affected by the pumping farther then a few miles from the
mine site, no surface springs of creeks were predicted to be affected.
However as soon as the pumps were turned on at Pipeline in September 1996,
the old pit lake 7 miles across the valley at the older Cortez mine began to
dry out until finally disappearing after remaining at a static level for a
decade. Initial studies indicated the water table in the bedrock around
Cortez was dropping. The WSDP and Minewatch pressured the BLM and mine to
look into this. Cortez commissioned a study in 1998 to study this. Its
conclusion was that pumping at Pipeline might be affecting the water table
but it was one of several different scenarios the report discussed. Its
final conclusion was that they needed a lot more data to understand what was
going on. A followup study conducted in 1999 reached the same conclusion
that they needed more information. Unfortunately we know of no additional
studies after 1999. This is especially important because in analyzing the
impacts of the Pipeline Mine, the BLM relied upon these models to state that
no surface waters and especially the springs around the flanks of Mt Tenabo
and its adjacent mountains would not be affected by the pumping. If indeed
the pumping is draining the bedrock in the Cortez mountains, that means many
springs and creeks are at risk and that their computer model was fatally
flawed. Of course this would be inconvenient information for Cortez so it
is no surprise that aren’t looking for the answers.

Western Shoshone Defense Project

So-Ho-Bi (South Fork) office:
775-744-2565 (fax and phone)

Main office:
P.O. Box 211308
Crescent Valley, NV 89821
Newe Sogobi
775-468-0237 (fax)

November 28, 2007

Dear ,

Protect Native American Lands!

The US Bureau of Land Management is currently reviewing a proposal to expand
the Cortez Hills Project. If approved, it would be one of the country’s
largest gold mines. The project would disturb over 6,500 acres of public
land-all of which are considered traditional lands by the Western Shoshone.
We urgently need your help to convince the US government to deny this

here to sign our petition calling on the US government to deny further
mining on traditional lands.

The entire area lies within Western Shoshone boundaries of the 1863 Treaty
of Ruby Valley, which recognized Shoshone rights to this land. The area
includes Mount Tenabo, an extremely significant spiritual and cultural area
to the Western Shoshone. Many Shoshone have long expressed deep concerns and
outright opposition to any further exploration on their lands, without their
free, prior, and informed consent. The US Bureau of Land Management is
currently taking comments on this proposal until Dec. 4. We are calling on
our supporters to join with us in signing the petition urging the bureau to
reject this proposal.

Please sign the petition today!

Thank you for standing with Oxfam and the Western Shoshone.


Tim Fullerton
Oxfam America
Please Forward Widely~

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